When starting a new web application project, choosing the preferred web frontend framework can often be a long and serious point of discussion. In this article, we hope to provide developers with a guide to selecting a suitable web frontend framework for different types of projects.
Framework Popularity and Community Support
What is React?
React was initially released in 2013 and is created and maintained by Meta (formerly Facebook). React is often used for creating single-page applications and mobile applications, but it can be applied to various types of web development.
What is Vue.js
What is Angular?
Comparative Analysis of Angular, React, and Vue
|Popularity||Growing rapidly||Extremely popular||Widely adopted|
|Learning Curve||Easier, especially for beginners||Moderate; JSX knowledge required||Steeper learning curve|
|Architecture||Component-based||Component-based||Component-based, MVVM architecture|
|Data Binding||Two-way data binding||One-way data binding (Uni-directional)||Two-way data binding|
|Rendering||Virtual DOM||Virtual DOM||Real DOM|
|State Management||Vuex (official state management)||Flux/Redux (external libraries)||RxJS and built-in state management|
|Size & Performance||Smaller bundle size, fast initial load||Smaller bundle size, fast initial load||Larger bundle size, slower initial load|
|Community & Ecosystem||Growing community, versatile ecosystem||Vast and active community; extensive ecosystem||Mature community, wide ecosystem|
|Integration with Other Libraries||Good integration with various libraries||Easily integrates with third-party libraries||Tight integration with Angular-specific libraries|
|Development Speed||Faster development due to simplicity||Fast development with a large developer community||Slower development due to complexity|
|Official CLI Tool||Vue CLI||Create React App||Angular CLI|
Selecting the right frontend framework
While we have narrowed it down to three frameworks you can choose from, the table above shows that there are still decision points needed to select which three would be the most applicable for your project.
Simple Projects = Vue
Vue is often an excellent choice for simple projects due to its minimal learning curve. It’s lightweight and easy to pick up, making it a great option for smaller applications or prototypes that will help you reach the market sooner. React is also a viable option and has the advantage of popularity, which makes it easier to recruit and get community support. Angular might be overkill for simple projects that won’t be expanding any time soon.
Medium-complexity Projects = React (Vue and Angular as a close second)
For moderately complex system development, all three would have their merits for utilization, with React probably being the slight leader in terms of ease of support, developer recruitment, and platform maturity. Vue can still be viable for its faster learning curve, growing popularity, and community support; while Angular is a good option especially if scaling up the system in the near future is likely.
High-complexity Projects = Angular
Angular’s extensive features and strong architectural patterns make it a robust choice for large-scale enterprise applications. While React and even Vue can and have been used for larger systems, they’re not really designed for this type of scale, and long-term code maintenance and support might prove more difficult.
Other points of consideration
If your current team is already adept in one of the three frameworks, then selection would obviously skew toward what the team is already familiar with. Do keep in mind the caveats, especially when using Angular for simpler projects or Vue or React for highly complex ones.
Your client might have a preferred framework in mind, and this has to be taken seriously when recommending a different framework for deployment. We find that most clients are reasonable when you try to justify a different development approach, as long as your arguments are sound.
Deploying a modern web front-end these days will mean making use of either Vue, React, or Angular. Keeping in mind project complexity, team expertise, integration requirements, and client preferences when selecting the correct front-end to deploy could save you a lot of headaches down the line.
In EACOMM, we expect our front-end developers to be familiar, if not experts, with at least two of these three frameworks so that they can tackle projects of any size and complexity. This gives us the confidence that we can handle any type of web application project our clients might require.
For more information on how EACOMM can help with your front-end development requirements, contact us at email@example.com.