Generative AI, also known as generative artificial intelligence, refers to advanced deep-learning models capable of generating diverse content, including text, images, and more. These models create content based on patterns and information gleaned from the data on which they were trained. This transformative technology has evolved rapidly in recent years, offering applications in various domains.
Generative AI Overview:
- Generative AI encompasses deep-learning models that produce high-quality content, such as text and images, by learning from training data.
- OpenAI’s ChatGPT, a prominent example, can create poems, jokes, essays, and more that closely resemble human-generated content.
- Generative AI’s prominence has shifted from computer vision to natural language processing, enabling models to generate text on a wide range of topics and domains.
- These models extend beyond language and can also generate software code, molecules, and other data types.
- Generative AI finds applications in software development, scientific research, conversational AI, and data generation.
Evolution of Generative AI Models
Generative AI models have their roots in statistics and the analysis of numerical data. The advent of deep learning expanded their capabilities to handle complex data types like images and speech. Variational autoencoders (VAEs), introduced in 2013, marked a significant milestone in the development of generative models. They were among the first deep-learning models used for realistic image and speech generation, setting the stage for future advancements.
- VAEs encode data into a compressed representation and then decode it to create variations of the original data.
- Autoencoders, including VAEs, are built on the architecture of encoders and decoders, which is also fundamental to large language models like Transformers.
- Transformers, introduced by Google in 2017, revolutionized language models by using a text-processing mechanism called attention. This architecture allows models to understand and generate text more effectively.
Types of Language Transformers
Language transformers, a key category of generative models, can be categorized into three main types:
- Encoder-Only Models (e.g., BERT): These models are used for non-generative tasks like search engines and customer-service chatbots. They excel at classifying data and extracting information from documents.
- Decoder-Only Models (e.g., GPT): These models predict the next word in a sequence without encoding representations. They are known for their generative abilities and can generate text, including dialogue and essays.
- Encoder-Decoder Models (e.g., T5): Combining features of both encoder-only and decoder-only models, encoder-decoder models can perform a wide range of generative tasks. They are compact, making them efficient for various applications.
Supervised Learning in Generative AI
Recent advancements in generative AI involve a resurgence of human supervision to improve model performance. Instruction-tuning, as seen in Google’s FLAN models, enables models to interact more effectively by pairing instructions with responses. This method allows models to provide human-like answers and perform tasks without the need for extensive labeled data.
- Zero-shot and few-shot learning techniques significantly reduce the data required to train AI models, but they come with formatting challenges.
- Techniques like prompt-tuning and adaptors help tailor models to specific tasks without the need to adjust their massive parameter counts.
- Reinforcement learning from human feedback (RLHF) aligns generative models with human preferences and has contributed to the development of highly engaging conversational AI.
Future Directions in Generative AI
There are several trends and factors that will affect generative AI in the future:
- The trend of building larger models is being challenged, as smaller, domain-specialized models show promise, particularly when domain-specific performance is crucial.
- Model distillation calls into question the necessity of large models for emergent capabilities.
- Alignment methods like reinforcement learning from human feedback (RLHF) play a crucial role in shaping the behavior of generative models to align with human expectations.
Challenges and Considerations
While generative AI offers substantial potential, it presents challenges, including issues related to:
- Truthfulness: Generative models may produce information that sounds accurate but is not, known as “hallucinations.”
- Bias: Models can generate biased content that may be objectionable.
- Privacy and copyright: Models may inadvertently output personal or copyrighted information from their training data, posing legal and ethical challenges.
How EACOMM Can Help
EACOMM Corporation is leveraging the power of generative AI in its current and future projects. Completed and current projects using generative AI include:
- Articulate AI chatbots that can be deployed with no programming and minimal training
- Real-time evaluation and filtering of social media content to detect relevant information and news
- Utilization of Generative AI to conduct Qualitative Analysis of unstructured data
- Automated content generation based on tabular or database data
EACOMM utilizes a suite of generative AI tools from Google, OpenAI, IBM, as well as open-source sources, to provide comprehensive solutions to our clients.
To cater for enterprises, EACOMM has partnered with IBM to offer watsonx.ai, watsonx.data, and watsonx.governance in the Philippine market. Watsonx includes a studio for new foundation models, generative AI, and machine learning; a fit-for-purpose data store built on an open data lakehouse architecture; and a toolkit to accelerate AI workflows that are built with responsibility, transparency, and explainability.
Incorporate generative AI into your business application systems and prepare your organization for the next industrial revolution. Contact EACOMM Corporation today!